Monday, November 24, 2014

Martyrdom Of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Tegh Bahadur, establishing his seat at Chak Nanki in Makhawal, set out to spread the message of Sikhism to the East. It was in Patna where he left his family to continue his travels. In Dhaka he was given the news of the birth of his son, whom he called Gobind.

After travelling for three years, Guru Tegh Bahadur made his way back to Chak Nanki with his family. It was here that Gobind was educated. Apart from mastering Sanskrit, Punjabi, Persian and Hindustani, he also acquired knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. Guru Tegh Bahadur also made sure that his son was trained in the arts of weaponry and martial combat. 

Kashmiri Pandits, terrorized by Aurangzeb's brutal regime to convert the Hindus to Islam, came to Anandpur Sahib to seek shelter under the Guru, who decided to be their shield.
The Pandits were advised to convey to the Mughal command that they would convert to Islam only if the Mughals were able to convert Guru Tegh Bahadur. Bestowing the Guruship on Gobind, Guru Tegh Bahadur left for Delhi to offer the Supreme Sacrifice to protect the faith of the weak and suffering. 

No sword could wrest or carve the faith of the Guru. The crowd may have looked on with tears of misery, but history has proclaimed the victory of his martyrdom. Bhai Jaita picked up the severed head of the Guru and, concealing it in his garments, brought it to Guru Gobind at Anandpur. The Guru embraced him saying, "You have in this stormy night, brought the sun. But now such a time has come that the melody of Nanak's chants must be accompanied by the clamour of swords." 

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

Guru Nanak At Kartarpur Sahib

For twenty-six years Guru Nanak travelled, spreading his message. He went as far as Baghdad, Tibet and Lanka. He finally settled at Kartarpur, where the community of devotees formed a new society devoted to the dignity of labour, to a single God, and to the virtue of sharing.

Guru Nanak was not only a spiritual guide, but also a master writer and divine poet. His sublime composition, Aarti, presents a grand vision of God's worship in which the whole creation participates.

During his stay in Kartarpur, Guru Nanak once visited Achal Batala on the occasion of Shivratri to enlighten the saddhus that no act of severe penance or miracle ever benefitted humanity in any way. A similar message the Guru also delivered to followers of Islam. He once journeyed to Pak-patan where he met Sheikh Ibrahim, the disciple of the enshrined Sufi saint Farid-ud-din Chishti.

Impressed by Guru Nanak's teachings, Bhai Lehna followed him to Kartarpur. The Guru recognized Lehna's spiritual devotion and bestowed upon him the Guruship, and gave him the name of Guru Angad.